By Jon Calame,Esther Charlesworth,Lebbeus Woods
In Jerusalem, Israeli and Jordanian militias patrolled a fortified, impassable eco-friendly Line from 1948 till 1967. In Nicosia, partitions and a buffer region have segregated Turkish and Greek Cypriots in view that 1963. In Belfast, "peaceline" barricades have separated working-class Catholics and Protestants considering 1969. In Beirut, civil conflict from 1974 until eventually 1990 became a worldly urban right into a deadly patchwork of ethnic enclaves. In Mostar, the Croatian and Bosniak groups have occupied self sustaining sectors for the reason that 1993. those towns weren't destined for partition by means of their social or political histories. They have been partitioned through politicians, voters, and engineers in line with restricted info, short-range plans, and sometimes doubtful factors. How did it take place? How can or not it's avoided?
Divided Cities explores the good judgment of violent city partition alongside ethnic lines—when it happens, who helps it, what it bills, and why possible fit towns succumb to it. making plans and conservation specialists Jon Calame and Esther Charlesworth supply a caution beacon to a growing to be type of towns torn aside by way of ethnic opponents. Field-based investigations in Beirut, Belfast, Jerusalem, Mostar, and Nicosia are coupled with scholarly study to light up the historical past of city dividing strains, the social affects of actual partition, and the varied specialist responses to "self-imposed apartheid." via interviews with humans on either side of a divide—residents, politicians, taxi drivers, built-environment execs, cultural critics, and journalists—they evaluate the evolution of every city partition besides its social affects. The styles that emerge aid an statement that department is a gentle, predictable, and avoidable incidence that finally impedes intercommunal cooperation. With the voices of divided-city citizens, up to date partition maps, and formerly unpublished pictures, Divided Cities illuminates the big expenses of actual segregation.
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Extra info for Divided Cities: Belfast, Beirut, Jerusalem, Mostar, and Nicosia (The City in the Twenty-First Century)
Divided Cities: Belfast, Beirut, Jerusalem, Mostar, and Nicosia (The City in the Twenty-First Century) by Jon Calame,Esther Charlesworth,Lebbeus Woods