By Archibald R. Lewis
Early within the 8th century, the present of the Muslim circulate that inundated northern Spain crept over the Pyrenees to unfold throughout a part of the French Midi. From the north the tide of Carolingian conquest compelled the Muslims again and took in those comparable southern French and northern Spanish provinces. throughout the comparable period the Vikings raided intermittently and with various levels of depth alongside the seacoasts and up the inland waterways, occasionally controlling enormous components for prolonged periods.
These raids and conquests unavoidably affected the lifestyle of the folk of southern France and Catalonia. modern tourists and later students have famous that the feudal traditions and responsibilities that have been so powerful within the north appeared very susceptible or nonexistent within the south. they discovered that the land looked to be held principally as allods, now not as feudal fiefs; they observed that ladies held positions of unusual energy, that during the zone there has been nice emphasis on funds, and that the traditions of Roman and Visigothic legislation nonetheless survived.
Although students have famous those transformations, not anyone has made a entire research of southern French and Catalan society as a complete. it truly is to fill this void that Archibald Lewis presents this quantity. In an in depth and scholarly examine, established principally upon unique files and chronicles, he examines the familial, social, financial, governmental, army, and spiritual lifetime of the world from 718 to 1050 A.D.
Lewis offers as accomplished an image because the files will allow of the society that existed within the early 8th century, describes and discusses the key adjustments which took place
during the subsequent 3 centuries, and analyzes their motives and results. This learn, including cautious and exact notes and an intensive bibliography, offers a competent and long-needed reference tool.
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Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718-1050 by Archibald R. Lewis