Download e-book for kindle: Kann der Bürger die Politik beeinflussen?: Ein Vergleich von by Franziska Reinold

By Franziska Reinold

ISBN-10: 3638928489

ISBN-13: 9783638928489

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches approach Deutschlands, word: 2,3, Universität Potsdam, Veranstaltung: Mächtige Ohnmächtige? Bürger und Politik in Deutschland und im internationalen Vergleich, 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Im Allgemeinen warfare die zivilisierte Gesellschaft gekennzeichnet durch auferlegte gesicherte gesellschaftliche Restriktionen, ausgenommen für eine kleine Anzahl von privilegierten Menschen. Im Gegensatz zur damaligen gesellschaftlichen Führung durch eine elitäre Gruppe hat der heutige Bürger in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland ein sehr großes Spektrum an Beteiligungsformen innerhalb des politischen Bereiches. Die unterschiedlichen Erscheinungsformen sind geprägt durch den zugrunde liegenden Zeitgeist, sowie durch die sich verändernden Werte, die folglich zu einem kontinuierlichen Veränderungsprozess führen.
Die Darstellung behandelt schwerpunktmäßig die Partizipation des Bürgers am politischen Prozess sowie die Einflussmöglichkeiten von Institutionen oder den Medien gegenüber dem Bürger. Die kritische Auseinandersetzung basiert auf der Grundlage der Legitimität, sowie der Betrachtung von möglichen Alternativen zu den bestehenden demokratischen Elementen.

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Download e-book for iPad: Women and the Death Penalty in the United States, 1900-1998 by Kathleen O'Shea

By Kathleen O'Shea

ISBN-10: 027595952X

ISBN-13: 9780275959524

Using a old framework, this booklet deals not just the penal heritage of the demise penalty within the states that experience given ladies the loss of life penalty, however it additionally retells the tales of the ladies who've been done and people at the moment looking forward to their destiny on loss of life row.

This paintings takes a old examine girls and the loss of life penalty within the usa from 1900 to 1998. It offers the reader a glance on the penal codes within the a variety of states concerning the loss of life penalty and the non-public tales of ladies who've been carried out or who're at present on loss of life row. As american citizens proceed to discuss the enforcement of the demise penalty, the problems of race and gender as they relate to the demise penalty also are debated. This booklet deals a special viewpoint to a habitual sociopolitical issue.

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New PDF release: Diplomacy at the Brink: Eisenhower, Churchill, and Eden in

By David M. Watry

ISBN-10: 080715718X

ISBN-13: 9780807157183

A groundbreaking new examine of Anglo-American family through the chilly warfare, Diplomacy on the Brink argues for a reevaluation of Dwight D. Eisenhower's international coverage towards allies and enemies alike. opposite to his acceptance as a level-headed reasonable, the Eisenhower who emerges in David M. Watry's exhaustively researched booklet is a conservative ideologue, a pacesetter whose aggressively anti-Communist and anticolonialist international regulations represented an incredible shift clear of the containment coverage of the Truman presidency.

Watry contends that Eisenhower labored heavily with John Foster Dulles to have interaction in competitive brinksmanship that diametrically hostile Winston Churchill's international relations of "peaceful coexistence." At a time while British fiscal pursuits favourite cooperation with China, Eisenhower deliberate nuclear warfare opposed to it; whilst Anthony Eden thought of Gamal Abdel Nasser a Soviet agent and invaded Egypt, Eisenhower supported Arab nationalism and used financial and political blackmail to strength Britain to withdraw. Such stances fractured the "special courting" among the United States and nice Britain and performed an essential position within the dissolution of the British Empire.

Watry's thorough exam of the real conflict of U.S.-U.K. international coverage demonstrates that America's new anti-colonial guidelines and the unilateral use of yank strength opposed to perceived Communist threats placed Eisenhower and Dulles on a collision direction with Churchill and Eden that rocked the world.

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Get Politische Kommunikation als Begriff der vergleichenden PDF

By Thomas Frank

ISBN-10: 3640192206

ISBN-13: 9783640192205

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, be aware: 2,3, FernUniversität Hagen, sixteen Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Fokus und Fragestellung dieser Arbeit betrachten politische Kommunikation auf der „Policy-Ebene“ und ihre Bedeutung für die demokratische Konsolidierung. Zuerst wird darum der Zusammenhang zwischen politischer Kommunikation und „policy“ dargestellt. Um den Begriff "demokratische Konsolidierung" zu klären, wird auf Wolfgang Merkels "Mehrebenenmodell der demokratischen Konsolidierung" zurückgegriffen, das auch auf die "Konsolidierung einer Staatsbürgerkultur" abstellt, wodurch es eine Konzentration auf den Aspekt Integration erlaubt und somit für die Beantwortung der eigenen Fragestellung geeignet scheint. Danach werden bedeutsame Themen politischer Kommunikation für die demokratische Konsolidierung erarbeitet und im Ländervergleich analysiert. Ottfried Jarren und Ulrich Sarcinelli beschreiben bestimmte demokratische Bezugsgrößen mit zentraler Bedeutung für prinzipielle Offenheit und demokratischen Wettbewerb als kommunikative necessities. Es wird der kommunikative Aspekt dieser Bezugsgrößen, ihre Einordnung auf der „Policy-Ebene“ sowie ihre Bedeutung für die demokratische Konsolidierung dargestellt. Ein selbst erstellter Index, der ausgewählte Daten aus dem „Status Index Demokratie“ des Bertelsmann Transformation Atlas (BTA) der Jahre 2006 und 2008 mit den o. g. kommunikativen necessities in Beziehung setzt, wird zur Ländervergleichsanalyse herangezogen. Die Daten des BTA bieten sich an, da sie allesamt Bezug zum Thema Konsolidierung haben. Ziel des Vergleichs ist eine Betrachtung der Entwicklung der kommunikativen necessities gemessen an der demokratischen Konsolidierung beider Länder und ihre Einordnung in Merkels Modell. Abschließend wird unter Bezug auf das Politikfeld Minderheitenpolitik, der Frage, „wie wirkt sich die Sprachpolitik in Estland und Lettland auf die Konsolidierung einer Staatsbürgerkultur aus?“ nachgegangen.

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Spacing Law and Politics: The Constitution and - download pdf or read online

By Leif Dahlberg

ISBN-10: 1138570486

ISBN-13: 9781138570481

ISBN-10: 1138930741

ISBN-13: 9781138930742

Examining the inherent spatiality of legislation, either theoretically and as social perform, this booklet offers a genealogical account of the emergence and the advance of the juridical. In an research that stretches from historical Greece, via past due antiquity and early smooth and smooth Europe, and directly to the modern court, it considers criminal and philosophical texts, creative and literary works, in addition to judicial practices, on the way to elicit and record a sequence of severe moments within the heritage of juridical house. providing a extra nuanced realizing of legislations than that present in conventional philosophical, political or social bills of criminal historical past, Dahlberg forges a severe account of the intimate family members among legislation and politics that indicates how juridical area is decided and conditioned in ways in which are crucial to the very functioning – and malfunctioning – of law.

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Download e-book for kindle: Gerechtigkeit und Gleicheit - Gerechtigkeit für behinderte by Sabrina Mazzola

By Sabrina Mazzola

ISBN-10: 3656161674

ISBN-13: 9783656161677

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches procedure Deutschlands, be aware: 1,7, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Soziale Gerechtigkeit für Behinderte - echte probability oder leere Formeln?

Diese Arbeit konzentriert sich auf Faktoren sozialer Ungleichheit für Behinderte in Deutschland. Ihre Lage ist auf akademischer Ebene intestine dokumentiert, das Erkenntnisinteresse dieser Arbeit liegt jedoch in einer Bewertung der aktuellen state of affairs auf foundation theoretischer Überlegungen. Sie sucht auch anhand der Auswertung von aktueller Quellen und vor dem Hintergrund persönlicher Erfahrungen den tatsächlichen Ist-Zustand zu ermitteln und versucht, vorhandene Probleme bei der Verwirklichung auf soziale Gerechtigkeit konkret zu benennen. Sie bietet in einem dritten Schritt nach einer kurzen Bewertung der vorliegenden Ergebnisse eine kritische Zuspitzung der Problematik.
Zentrale those dieser Arbeit ist dabei, dass das Recht auf soziale Teilhabe und Gleichberechtigung zwar auf juristischer Ebene zumeist intestine verwirklicht ist und mit philosophischen Überlegungen übereinstimmt, es an gesellschaftlicher Akzeptanz und Interesse für die Belange Behinderter allerdings noch fehlt. Soziale Ungleichheit wird durch mangelndes Interesse, unreflektierte Medienberichterstattung und soziologische Mechanismen konstruiert, die hier aufgedeckt werden sollen. Zu fragen ist dabei, auf welche artwork und Weise größeren Respekt auf gesellschaftlicher Ebene zu erreichen ist, wenn die gesetzlichen Rahmenbedingungen dafür größtenteils bereits existieren.

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Democratization in Late Twentieth-Century Africa: Coping - download pdf or read online

By Jean-Germa Gros

ISBN-10: 0313307938

ISBN-13: 9780313307935

Few could disagree that given that 1990 Sub-Saharan Africa has passed through a means of political transformation. the place one-party structures as soon as stood, multi-parties are actually dominant; the place heads of kingdom as soon as governed autocratically, open elections have emerged. during this research, either African and non-African students take a severe examine the evolution and contradictions of democratization in seven African international locations: Malawi, Cameroon, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Ghana, and Gabon, each one at a distinct degree within the democratization process.

Some of those international locations traditionally haven't acquired a lot consciousness in North the United States. for instance, little is understood approximately Malawi, and Gabon has escaped detect open air the Francophone global. whereas different works have centred basically upon the function that associations have performed within the democratization approach, this research seems to be at person leaders. a number of the authors have been themselves members within the reform activities of their domestic nations, they usually learn the position that the army and the church performed within the technique. This quantity additionally incorporates a dialogue of why democratization has stagnated or been reversed in a few nations.

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Download PDF by Eugenio Bulygin,Carlos Bernal,Carla Huerta,Tecla: Essays in Legal Philosophy

By Eugenio Bulygin,Carlos Bernal,Carla Huerta,Tecla Mazzarese,José Juan Moreso,Pablo E. Navarro,Stanley L. Paulson

ISBN-10: 0198729367

ISBN-13: 9780198729365

Eugenio Bulygin is a uncommon consultant of felony technological know-how and criminal philosophy as they're recognized at the ecu continent - no coincidence, given the function of the civil legislations culture in his domestic kingdom, Argentina. during the last half-century, Bulygin has engaged nearly all significant criminal philosophers within the English-speaking nations, together with H.L.A. Hart, Ronald Dworkin, and Joseph Raz. Bulygin's essays, a number of written with his eminent colleague
and shut good friend Carlos E. Alchourrón, mirror the style time-honored from Alf Ross's On legislations and Justice, Hans Kelsen's natural idea of legislation, and Georg Henrik von Wright's Norm and motion. Bulygin's wide-ranging pursuits comprise many of the subject matters came across below the rubric of analytical jurisprudence -
interpretation and judicial reasoning, validity and efficacy of legislation, felony positivism and the matter of normativity, completeness and consistency of the felony procedure, the character of felony norms, and the function of deontic common sense within the legislations. The reader will take enjoy the usually agreeably unorthodox personality of Bulygin's perspectives and in his hard-hitting arguments in defence of them. He demanding situations the obtained opinion on gaps within the legislation, on criminal efficacy, on permissory norms, and at the criteria
for criminal validity. Bulygin's essays were wellnigh inaccessible some time past, showing in really expert journals, frequently in Spanish or German. they're now on hand for the 1st time in an English-language collection.

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Read e-book online White Women, Rape, and the Power of Race in Virginia, PDF

By Lisa Lindquist Dorr

ISBN-10: 0807855146

ISBN-13: 9780807855140

for many years, historians have basically analyzed fees of black-on-white rape within the South via bills of lynching or glaringly unfair trial complaints, suggesting that white southerners normally answered with extralegal violence and sham trials while white girls accused black males of attack. Lisa Lindquist Dorr demanding situations this view with a cautious examine of criminal documents, newspapers, and clemency records from early-twentieth-century Virginia. White Virginians' inflammatory rhetoric, she argues, didn't unavoidably are expecting black men's final punishment.

While trials have been usually grand public spectacles at which white males acted to guard white ladies and to police interracial relationships, Dorr issues to cracks in white cohesion throughout type and gender strains. while, trials and pardon lawsuits awarded African americans with possibilities to problem white racial strength. Taken jointly, those circumstances discover a global during which the mandates of segregation didn't continuously carry sway, during which whites and blacks interacted within the so much intimate of the way, and within which white girls and white males observed their pursuits in clash.

In Dorr's account, situations of black-on-white rape light up the paradoxes on the middle of segregated southern society: the strain among civilization and savagery, the need for orderly and predictable racial obstacles regardless of conflicts between whites and relationships throughout racial barriers, and the honor of African american citizens in a approach depending on their meant inferiority. The rhetoric of shielding white girls noted white supremacy and patriarchy, yet its perform printed the boundaries of both.

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Pippa Norris's Why Elections Fail PDF

By Pippa Norris

ISBN-10: 110705284X

ISBN-13: 9781107052840

ISBN-10: 1107679028

ISBN-13: 9781107679023

Too frequently, elections worldwide are, regrettably, deeply incorrect or perhaps fail. What triggers those difficulties? during this moment quantity of her trilogy on electoral integrity, Pippa Norris compares structural, foreign, and institutional money owed as replacement views to give an explanation for why elections fail to fulfill foreign criteria. The booklet argues that ideas combating political actors from manipulating electoral governance are had to safe integrity, even if even as officers additionally want adequate assets and capacities to control elections successfully. Drawing on new facts, the learn determines the simplest kinds of options for strengthening the standard of electoral governance worldwide. With an international point of view, this booklet presents clean insights into those significant matters on the center of the examine of elections and balloting habit, comparative politics, democracy and democratization, political tradition, democratic governance, public policymaking, improvement, diplomacy and clash reviews, and methods of regime change.

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